Over the past decades, the world has changed a lot and still we can hardly monitor and follow all the developments and evolution happening around. With the grow of technologies and the amount of information we get from the news, social media, and any other source, it’s easy to get lost in and decide on what information is right, what to believe, and what forecasts for the future trends are the most promising. The same applies to the jobs people are busy with, professions they study or plan to, and what kind of job to choose in order to win in the perspective.
The other reason that contributes to the stream of the new professions is automation of all possible processes, which may lead to the full replacement of humans by the machines. Currently this issue is one of the most discussed all over the world not only because of significant changes it may bring for the next generations, but because automation is affecting the workers not only in the US but beyond its borders. Today the US market is filled with a lot of new opportunities for professionals with different backgrounds and at all levels. There are the new chances for everyone, including those intended to change job, or advance in the new profession. Bureau of Labor Statistics issued a report showing the updated number of jobs expected to be increased by 11.5 million over the 2016–26 decade. According to recent estimates of the experts, 65% of children entering schools today can be occupied with the jobs that still may not even exist.
Despite all threats of artificial intelligence, the automation itself gives the grounds for the new opportunities as the mathematicians and statisticians together with the developers of the software will be in demand to create algorithms that will manage the work of the machines after they replace some of the jobs. Moreover, one should never exclude that some jobs will never be done by the robot better than by the human.
It is evident that automation will not replace humans all at once, which is quite long process because of many reasons, including expenditures, reluctance of resources, and not readiness of the world to experience the changes of the kind. The report also says that there is no specific area, sector, or a field that would be affected in the next decades more than others.
It is expected that the biggest growth in number will be seen in medicine with the hundreds of thousands of the new positions arising in the next decades in the sphere of personal healthcare and home aides.
LinkedIn provides monthly LinkedIn Workforce Report on employment trends. Among over 150 million of the registered US workers, it is possible to gather accurate data. According to the research provided in November 2017, the number of employers hired in the hardware industry had an increase of 10% while the hardware industry went up to 15% comparing with October of 2016. The rise of the new jobs may require the replacement of the existing occupations. Many of them are on the decline because there is a decreasing important of some occupations like flash-related ones because of the rise of other technology solutions.
Last year BBC also reported interesting figures providing that approximately 47% of workers in the US were at the risk of being fired regarding the specificity of the profession while in the UK this number takes 35%, with the middle class being at the highest risk. Overall, two-thirds of jobs face the risk of being killed by the robots. Such statistics brings the thoughts about what the future jobs may and will probably be like, what education shall the school-leavers be seeking, and what profession to choose after college or university. The rise of technologies in the existing spheres and the development of the new spheres increases the number of the new professions and workplaces. It all requires the development of the new skills and knowledge.
IT sphere is expected to occupy most professions and jobs, although there will always be a place for the career in other fields with almost all jobs predicted to require some technical skills. There is a list of such skills, including soft and hard ones, the companies seek for among candidates most often. Although the consideration of tech skills and professions are in demand, soft skills including leadership, management of time, collaboration, strategy, and teamwork play in tandem with communication have even higher priority than hard skills according to 57% out of 2,000 surveyed business leaders. Technical boom requires more and more professionals having expertise in product and program management, team or engagement leadership, data scientist research, etc.
According to the report, the employers working with the huge volume of data who can analyze, will be in the great demand. The report issued by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics also predicts the increase of employment in other spheres, mainly in data processing where the employers working with the huge volume of data who can analyze; food chemistry that studies the processes and interactions of all components the food has; foetal medicine intended to care for babies before they are born; website creators, including front-end and back-end developers who know how to make the website work for online customers and increase the number of sales; nursing and personal care as we will need more nurses with the growing number of aging people who require home care.